As Buffalo Nations, we situate ourselves in our own sovereignty and in solidarity with the one who has always stood for us, the Buffalo.

Our Elders and Knowledge Keepers remind us that it is not the Buffalo who left, it is us who went away.

Coming back to our ancient way of gathering as Nations and forging lasting relationships, is to lift the pipe in agreement with one another in the making of treaty.

Therefore, we seek to align our work in education and research for vital Indigenous food systems with the spirit and intent of the Buffalo Treaty ( We join with all Buffalo Nations, who have lifted the pipe and are signatories to the Buffalo Treaty to: honor, recognize, and revitalize the time immemorial relationship we have with our older brother, the Buffalo. The Buffalo Treaty is a foundational base to approach the notion of food sovereignty from a Native science perspective. For example, Article VI: Research states that:

“Realizing that Learning is a life-long process, We, collectively, agree to perpetuate knowledge gathering and knowledge sharing according to our customs and inherent authorities revolving around BUFFALO that do not violate our traditional ethical standards as a means to expand our knowledge base regarding the environment, wildlife, plant life, water, and the role BUFFALO played in the history, spiritual, economic, and social life of our NATIONS.”

Indigenous food systems are inextricably tied to ceremonial beliefs and practices including connections to sacred sites and sacred species that are diverse among Native Nations.

The BNFSI supports strengthening Indigenous identity and food sovereignty through the safe return of Buffalo to the land and back into our lives again

Seven generations thinking guides the work of the BNFSI with a shared set of core values including Respect, Relationships, Reasoning, Reciprocity, Resourcefulness, Resiliency, and Reverence.

The first of the seven grandfather teachings, held in common by many Buffalo Nations, is respect. The teaching of respect is symbolized by the Buffalo. For us, as for the buffalo, to respect is to give. The Buffalo who has stood for us for millennia teaches Respect. By giving his life, the Buffalo shares every part of its being–shows respect. In this way the Buffalo practices conservation seeking to perpetuate all life. We also respect the interrelationships between us and the four-leggeds, the winged ones, those that swim, and the relatives that live above and below the ground. We commit to healing the kinship web through working with our relatives with respect, avoiding judgement, and supporting diversity in Native and mainstream cultures.

We are committed to restoring a large relational network around our Indigenous food systems that aligns with our Indigenous relationships of old which favored diplomacy and alliances, as well as cooperative, respectful, and reciprocal encouragement of the well-being of all our relatives.

To this end, we envision nurturing strong bonds between this program and Tribal and First Nations Colleges—relationships which will build a foundation of support for Indigenous students who are moving from one institution to another and encourage Native-led food system research within our communities contributing to cultural knowledge recovery and the priorities of Native Nations.

Further, we commit ourselves to ‘leading with love’ in an effort to heal divisions that have come between Native Nations through the course of colonial disruption. We reject lateral violence amongst and within our communities. We stand for good relations with all peoples and the Earth who sustains us.

Our reasoning leads us to our understanding of the world we live in and flows from it. Reasoning includes how we come to know and what we know. We call our way of reasoning Indigenous knowledge. Knowledge is a methodology. A methodology is a validation process. It speaks to how we validate sensory intake so that a person can claim, “I know.” Knowing is represented in the Indigenous context as multiple and diverse processes and includes other ways of knowing, i.e., dreams, visions, insights and teachings that validate one’s sensory intake. In its essence, Indigenous knowledge flows from a relationship between people and place, and in an understanding that is represented by the statement, “We are the Land,” where Land represents all of the web of life inclusive of elements and beings including water, wind, soil, fire, sky, animals, plants, water, and people. In the Indigenous world, knowledge is about these relationships, therefore our education and research are land-based, or always in relationship with the breadth of elements in the web of life and committed to their well-being.

We recognize that all that we receive is gift and practice reciprocal exchange amongst our relatives in the processes of education and research, as we do in our way of life. Transference of knowledge happens only when the individual presents with respect and reciprocity and commits to relationship and the burden of knowledge. Yet, once knowledge is transferred it is not to remain static, but always in motion for the sake of renewal and community well-being (Little Bear, 2018). Reciprocity is not transactional but occurs in a circular pattern that recognizes the patterns of being and seasons and honors the well-being of all our relations. We are the People of the Medicine Wheel Country who recognize growth happening in four spheres–mental, physical, spiritual, and emotional elements–the four seasons, and the four stages of life. As we steward knowledge transference, we commit to honoring the cultural protocols and interests of each community our students come from and work with.

Our ancestors and teachers have long reminded us that, “We are the land.” Recognizing our responsibility for the health of the land and the people, we re-Indigenize ourselves, our land and water use, and education. As we see all animals, plants, and elements as our relatives, we acknowledge these relatives as life sources and reject the dominant narrative of ‘natural resources’. To this end, we are committed to Indigenizing our credentialing of Indigenous food system professionals preparing Native students to continue our way of life in which food is the end product of our land practices and ways of being. We are committed to encouraging Indigenous youth from a very young age to consider where their gifts align with this work and the fields of Earth Sciences and Food Systems carrying forward care for Mother Earth and the production of food in modern Indigenous food systems in the 21st century and beyond.

We are committed to cultural resurgence and mutual well-being. Though our communities have faced great hardship within the context of colonization, we stand in our own cultural values and lend our strength to one another and mainstream culture. This translates to a philosophy of investing in our ways of knowing, our own lands and peoples first, without leaving anyone behind. While we place an emphasis on the importance of Indigenous knowledge leading this Initiative, we look to integrate Western ways of knowing as well. As we work to recover and re-integrate Indigenous foodways and agricultural knowledge including relationship with buffalo, we encourage engagement of Indigenous cultural values with others’ agricultural methods.

With respect for the ancestors who carried our knowledges forward, the land, and buffalo, we hold integrity for Indigenous culture and work to protect the pathway of the new life that is coming. We stand strong so that our students and their students may stand strong in their Indigenous identities.

As we conduct education and research in support of vital Indigenous food systems, we acknowledge that the seeds of well-being are found in each one’s culture. With recognition of the strength in diversity, we work collectively to build mutual capacity for caring for our own and the web of relationship. Centering food system education and research in the values of our communities, we are focused on the ones who are coming who will carry Indigenous knowledge and well-being into the future.

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